Failure of Bilateral Diplomacy on Irian Barat (Papua) Dispute (1950-1954)

Siswanto Siswanto
| Abstract views: 688 | views: 433

Abstract

Fundamentally, Irian Barat (Papua) dispute between The Netherlands Indonesia was a territorial conflict or an overlapping claim. The Netherlands as the former colonialist did not want to leave Irian Barat (Papua) or remained still in the region, meanwhile Indonesia as the former colony denied the Netherlands status quo policy in Irian Barat (Papua). Potential dispute of the Irian Barat (Papua) was begun in the Round Table Conference (RTC) 1949. There was a point of agreement in RTC which regulates status quo on Irian Barat (Papua) and it was approved by Head of Indonesia Delegation, Mohammad Hatta and Van Maarseven, Head of the Netherlands Delegation. As a mandate of the RTC in 1950s there was a diplomacy on Irian Barat (Papua) in Jakarta and Den Haag. Upon the diplomacy, there were two negotiations held by diplomats of both countries, yet it never reached a result. As a consequence, in 1954 Indonesia Government decided to stop the negotiation and searched for other ways as a solution for the dispute. At the present time, Jakarta-Papua relationship is relatively better and it is based on a special autonomy, which gives great authority to the Local Government of Papua.

Keywords

The Netherlands; Indonesia; Status quo; Irian Barat (Papua); diplomacy

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abdulgani, R. (1956). Laporan Menteri Luar Negeri kepada kepada Sidang Umum DPR pada 9 Juli 1956, Taufan in Politik Luar Negeri. Jakarta; Penerbit Endang.

Abdulgani. R., Gromyko, A. (1956), Komunike Bersama Menteri Luar Negeri, 11 September 1956.

Bhakti, I.N. (1985) Intervensi Amerika Serikat dalam penyelesaian Politik Masalah Irian Barat, Masalah-Masalah Internasional Masa Kini. 13(1), 4.

Bone. R. C. (1962). Jr. The Dynamic of the Western New Guinea (Papua) Problem. New York: Publisher Cornell University

Chauvel, Richard. (2005). Constructing Papuan Nationalism: History, Ethnicity, and Adaption. Washington: The East-West Center

Departmen of Public Information. (1954). Year Book of United States Organization 1954, NY: UNO

Dipna Videlia Putsanra. (2018), November 25. Dana Otsus Papua Barat 2019 Naik Jadi Rp2,5 Triliun, Retrieved from https://tirto.id/dana-otsus-papua-barat-2019-naik-jadi-rp25-triliun-dar1

Departemen Luar Negeri. (1971). Dua Puluh Lima Tahun Departemen Luar Negeri 1945-1970. Jakarta: Penerbit Direktorat Penelitian dan Pengembangan

Gardner, P. (1999). 50 tahun Amerika Serikat-Indonesia, trans. Pericles Katoppo. Jakarta: P.T. Sinar Harapan Press.

Kemlu, (n.d) Momen Penting dalam sejarah Diplomasi Indonesia, retrieved from http;//www.kemlu.go.id,

Soerjoadingrat, A.W. (1954). Surat-surat Sekretaris Dewan Menteri kepada Menteri Luar Negeri Sunario, tanggal 10 February 1954

Subandrio, (2001). Meluruskan Sejarah Perjuangan Irian Barat. Jakarta: Yayasan Kepada Bangsaku

Suwarno, B. (1999). Hubungan Indonesia-Belanda Peiode 1945-1950. Jakarta: Penerbit Printing Upakara

Said, T. (1984). Indonesia dalam Politik Global Amerika Serikat. Medan: Penerbit Waspada

Sastramidjojo, A. (1974). Tonggak-Tonggak di Perjalananku, Jakarta: PT. Kinta

Siswanto. (2016). Diplomasi Belanda dan Indonesia dalam Sengketa Irian Barat, 1949-1950: Sebuah Kajian Sejarah. Jurnal penelitian Politik 2 (1), 65-72, retrieved from http://ejournal.politik.lipi.go.id/index.php/jpp/article/view/402/229

Pohan, D. (2002). Kembali ke Jatidiri Bangsa Indonesia. Jakarta: Milineum Publisher

Undang-undang No.13 tahun 1956 tentang Pembatalan Hubungan Indonesia-Belanda Berdasarkan Perdjnjian Konperensi Medja Bundar

Natanegara, S. (1986). Api Perjuangan Irian Barat. Jakarta: Yayasan Badan Kontak Keluarga Besar Pejuang Irian Barat

Panitia Peringatan 75 tahun Kasmsn. (1982). Hidup itu Berjuang: kasman Singodimejo 75 tahun. Jakarta: Penerbit Bulan Bintang

United Nations Organization Charter, (1945). NY: UNO

Yamin, M. (1954)."Script FIN-EC", Commissioner General of the Republic of Indonesia in The Hague.

Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.