The Influence of The Strategic Position of Indonesia in the South China Sea Toward the Military Partnership Between Indonesia and China in 2010-2015

Ahmad Syaifuddin Zuhri, Hanifa Hanifa
| Abstract views: 637 | views: 651

Abstract

This article aims to analyze the strategic position of Indonesia in South China Sea (SCS) towards the military partnership of Indonesia and China from 2010-2015. The aim of this research is to analyze how the strategic position of Indonesia influences the military relationship between Indonesia and China.

The South China Sea is one of the most strategic and influential regions; it has the capability to threaten the stability of Southeast Asia. Indonesia as one of the most significant countries in ASEAN geographically, has a strategic but conflicted position. This research will analyze how the strategic position of Indonesia in the
SCS influences their military partnership with China.

This research formulates questions as to how the Indonesian strategic position in the South China Sea influences the China-Indonesia military relationship in 2010-2015? This article a neo-realist theory, a national security concept and a geo-strategic concept to accomplish this. It also uses a qualitative method of analysis through research papers and holding interviews. Through the three concepts and school of thought, this research has found that there is an influence on the strategic position of Indonesia in the militaristic relationship
between Indonesia and China. The strategic location of Indonesia in the South China Sea and the significant role Indonesia plays in ASEAN can positively affect the relationship between Indonesia and China.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Book

Bader, J., Lieberthal, K., & McDevitt, M. (2014). Keeping The South China Sea in Perspective. The Foreign Policy Brief .

Baviera, A. S. (1999). Chinese Relation with Southeast Asia: Political Security and Economic Interest. PASCN.

Roussev, M. Political - Geographic, Geopolitical and Geostrategic Dimensions of Security.

Roza, R., Nainggolan, P. P., & Muhammad, S. V. (2013). Konflik Laut China Selatan dan Implikasinya terhadap Kawasan. Jakarta: Pusat Pengkajian Pengolahan Data dan Informasi ( P3DI).

Tuathail, G. O. (1998). Introduction: Thinking Critically about Geopolitics. in G. O. Tuathail, S. Dalby, & P. Routledge (ed), The Geo Politic Reader. London: Routledge.

Journal

Antariksa, A. Y. (2013). Antara Netralitas dan Kepentingan Nasional Indonesia di Laut China Selatan: Perspektif Geopolitik. Jurnal Pertahanan , 3.

Aranzadi, C. (2014). Introduction: The Articles Contained in this Publication. Dalam Energy and Geostrategy 2014. Spanyol: Ministry of Defense.

Broderick, K. (2015). Chinese Activities in The South China Sea:Implication of the American Pivot in Asia. Project 2049 Institute

Buszynski, L., Collinson, G., Renato Cruz, D. C., Hai, D. T., Emmers, R., Roberts, C. B., et al. (2013). The South China Sea and Australia’s regional security environment. (L. Buszynski, & C. Roberts, ed.) National Security College.

Daniel, Ș. I. (2015). Diachronic Analysis of the Geopolitical and Geostrategy Concepts. The Public Administration and National Policies Review .

Fravel, T. M. (2011). China's Strategy in the South China Sea. Contemporary Southeast Asia.

Fravel, T. M. (2012). Maritime Security in The South China Sea and The Competition Over Maritime Rights. SCS.

Gindarsah, I. (2014). Politics Security and Defense Indonesia: Interaction and Interdependencies. Australia: National Security College.

Glaser, B. S. (2014). Statement before the U.S - China Economic and Review Commission: China's Grand Strategy in Asia. Center for Strategic and International Studied .

Harini, S. (2012, September 19). Kepentingan Nasional China dalam Konflik Laut China Selatan. Accesed on Maret 30, 2015, from id.portalgaruda.org: http://ejurnal.unisri.ac.id/index.php/Transformasi/article/viewFile/214/179

ICG. (2015). Stirring Up the South China Sea (III): A Fleeting Opportunity for Calm. Brussels: Interational Crisis Group;.

Kuok, L. (2015). Tides of Change: Taiwan Involving Position in the South China Sea and Why Other Actors Should Take Notice. Washington, D.C: Brookings.

Laksamana, E. A. (2011). The Enduring Strategic Trinity: Explaining Indonesia's Geopolitical Architecture. Journal of The Indian Ocean Region, 7 (1), http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1979860.

Mishra, R., & Sari, I. P. (2010). Indonesia - China Relations: Challenges and Opportunity. IDSA ISSUE BRIEF , file:///C:/Users/TOSHIBA/Downloads/IB_China-Indonesia%20(3).pdf.

Nabs, G., & Keller. (2011). Growing Convergence, Greater Consequence: The Strategic Implications of Closer Indonesian - China Relation. Security Challenge: Vol.7 No. 3 , http://www.regionalsecurity.org.au/Resources/Documents/vol7no3Nabbs-Keller.pdf.

Pujayanti, A. (2011). Budaya Maritim,Geopolitik dan Tantangan Keamanan Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Pengkajian Pengolahan Data dan Informasi (P3DI).

Rachmayanti, N. (2013). Dinamika Hubungan Bilateral Indonesia- China (Tiongkok) Pada Era Pemerintahan Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (2004- 2013). In https://www.academia.edu/6102587/Dinamika_Hubungan_Bilateral_Indonesia-china_Tiongkok_pada_Era_Pemerintahan_Presiden_Susilo_Bambang_Yudhoyono_2004-2013

Reed, D. (2015). Resource Scarcity in the South China Sea: New Challenges and Threats to U.S Prosperity. in D. Reed, In Pursuit of Prosperity: U.S Foreign Policy in an Era of Natural Scarcity. New York: Routledge.

Roach, J. A. (2014). Malaysia and Brunei: An Analysis of Their Claims in the South China Sea. Arlington: Center for Naval Analyses.

Sazlan, I., & Buszynski, L. (2007). Maritime Claims and Energy Cooperation in the South China Sea. Contemporary Southeast China.

Schofield, C. (2013). Increasingly Contested Waters?: Conflicting Maritime Claims in the South China Sea. in L. Buszynski, G. Collinson, R. C. De Castro, H. Do Thanh, R. Emmers, C. B. Robert, et al., The South China Sea and Australia's Regional Security Environment. National Security College.

Schwartz, L. (2014). Competing Claims in the South China Sea: Potential Path Forward and Implication for the United State. Roundtable Report .

Suryandari, R. A. (2013). Menghadapi Pengaruh Konflik Kawasan Laut China Selatan dengan Kekuatan Ketahanan Nasional Indonesia. Jakarta: Lembaga Ketahanan Nasional.

Wirasuta, D. S. (2013). Keamanan Maritim Laut China Selatan: Tantangan dan Harapan. Jurnal Pertahanan , Vol. 3 No. 3.

Vaughn, B. (2011). Indonesia: Domestic Politics, Strategic Dynamic, and U.S Interest. Congressional Research Service. Congressional Research Service.

Thesis

Akbar, E. M. (2009). Diplomasi Pertahanan Sebagai Instrumen Kebijakan Luar Negeri di Bidang Pertahanan: Studi Kasus Pembentukan Kerjasama Pertahanan RI - RRC. Institut Teknologi Bandung, Program Magister Berorientasi Terapan Studi Pertahanan, Bandung.

Kurnia, E. (2014). Pengaruh Konflik Laut China Selatan Terhadap Sistem Pertahanan Negara Indonesia. Indonesia Defense University, Asymmetric Warfare Study Programme.

Monika, F. (2011). Aspek Geostrategis Selat Malaka dalam Konteks Ketahanan Nasional Indonesia Abad 21. Universitas Indonesia, Pasca Sarjana Kajian Strategik Ketahanan Nasional. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia.

Sihite, R. I. (2012). Sikap Asertif China sebagai Great Power Studi Kasus: Laut China Selatan. Depok: Universitas Indonesia.

Irada, N. C. (2013). Peran ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) dalam Menjembatani Penyelesaian Konflik Laut China Selatan Tahun 2002 - 2011. Universitas Airlangga, Hubungan Internasional. Surabaya: Universitas Airlagga.

Veronika, N. W. (2012). Pengaruh Komponen Geopolitik terhadap Konflik di Laut China Selatan antara China – Vietnam pada Periode 2009 – 2011. Jakarta: FISIP Departemen Hubungan Internasional Universitas Indonesia.

Viollita, M. D. (2013). Dampak Peningkatan Ekonomi Indonesia Melalui Deklarasi Kemitraan Strategis Dengan China Tahun 2005 - 2011. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah , Ilmu Hubungan Internasional. Ciputat: Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah .

Mass Media

Komara, F. M. (2013, Oktober 1). Empat Selat Strategis Dunia Ada di Indonesia. http://www.antaranews.com/berita/398259/empat-selat-strategis-dunia-ada-di-indonesia. (L. W. Ambari, Pewawancara, & E. Syafputri, Penyunting) Jakarta: Antaranews.com.

Utami, R. (2013, Agustus 20). Indonesia - China Masih Mantapkan Alih Teknologi C-705. Accessed on November 10, 2015, from Antaranews.com: sultra.antaranews.com/berita/268200/indonesia-china-masih-mantapkan-alih-teknologi-c-705

Utami, R. (2014, Januari 15). Upaya Alih Teknologi Pertahanan Indonesia- China. Accessed on November 10, 2015, from Antaranews.com: www.antaranews.com/berita/414159/upaya-alih-teknologi-pertahanan-indonesia-china

Jingga, R. P. (2015, Oktober 19). Tanggapan Panglima TNI soal ajakan Tiongkok untuk latihan gabungan. Accessed on 2, March 2016, from www.antaranews.com: http://www.antaranews.com/berita/524336/tanggapan-panglima-tni-soal-ajakan-tiongkok-untuk-latihan-gabungan

www.voaindonesia.com. (2012, October 8). Asia Tenggara Ramai-ramai Belanja Alat Pertahanan Maritim. Accessed on Juni 2, 2016, from www.voaindonesia.com: http://www.voaindonesia.com/content/asia-tenggara-ramai-ramai-belanja-alat-pertahanan-maritim/1522260.html

BNPP. (2014). Peraturan Kepala Badan Nasional Pengelola Perbatasan No. 4 Tahun 2014. Badan Nasional Pengelola Perbatasan , Kepala Badan Nasional Pengelola Perbatasan RI. Jakarta: bnpp.go.id.

Online Source

BNPP, Peraturan Kepala Badan Nasional Pengelola Perbatasan No. 4 Tahun 2014.Badan Nasional Pengelola Perbatasan†http://bnpp.go.id/document/produk_hukum/perkaban_nomor_4_2014.pdf.

Indonesia - China Sepakat TIngkatkan Kegiatan Latihan Militer Kedua Negara, access March 14, 2016, from http://www.kemhan.go.id/kemhan/?pg=63&id=1004

Jingga, R. P, Tanggapan Panglima TNI soal ajakan Tiongkok untuk latihan gabungan, access June 2, 2016, from http://www.antaranews.com/berita/524336/tanggapan-panglima-tni-soal-ajakan-tiongkok-untuk-latihan-gabungan

MENHAN RI Lakukan Kunjungan ke China, 2012, access March 14, 2016, from http://www.kemhan.go.id/kemhan/?pg=31&id=137

Schwartz, L, Competing Claims in the South China Sea: Potential Path Forward and Implication for the United State, Roundtable Report, (Washington DC: The National Bureau of Asian Research, 2014), access 1 January 2016 from http://www.nbr.org/downloads/pdfs/psa/SouthChinaSea_Roundtable_report.pdf

Stirring Up the South China Sea (III): A Fleeting Opportunity for Calm, a report from International Crisis Group, access 27 October 2015, from http://www.crisisgroup.org/~/media/Files/asia/north-east-asia/267-stirring-up-the-south-china-sea-iii-a-fleeting-opportunity-for-calm.pdf

WAMENHAN RI Hadiri Forum Bilateral Konsultasi Kerjasama Pertahanan RI - China ke 5, access March 14, 2016, from http://www.kemhan.go.id/kemhan/?pg=63&id=847

WAMENHAN RI Terima Kunjungan Delegasi PLA China, access May 14, 2016, from http://www.kemhan.go.id/kemhan/?pg=31&id=1148

Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.