Negotiating The Space For Peace: Interreligious Tolerance And Harmony in Practice

Muhammad Saifullah Rohman
| Abstract views: 767 | views: 314


Nowadays, Indonesia well known as tolerance country has been facing a severe problem with the practice of intolerance act and radicalism. Recently, we were shocked by some news about a young man attacking St. Lidwina Bedog church, Yogyakarta, and the suicide bombing at three churches in Surabaya. Several innocent civilians became the victim from these actions. Besides, we can note that there was another intolerant act regarding the building of a house of worship and conflict among religious believers in some district in Indonesia. These situations indicated that actors who attempted to destroy Indonesia's unity through harmful narratives of Indonesian diversity and threaten Indonesian tolerance are ranging from ethnicity, language, to religion. This article proposes a counter-narrative for Indonesian harmony by identifying the places of house of worship and spaces of religious tolerance activities. Since the establishments of the house of worship in several places have led to a disharmony and intolerance act, this article found another story of tolerance based on a house of worship location and space of tolerance activity. Field research was conducted in Balun Village, Lamongan, where three houses of worship built neighboring in the village. These neighboring houses of worship and religious activities around support the idea called "negotiating the space of peace." The data collection methods included participant observation and interview. The findings show that religious diversity of Indonesian citizens is based on unity and peace. The neighboring houses of worships (Mosque, Church, Pura/Hinduism temple, etc.) in Lamongan, show that the tolerance among different religious believers has been there as long as Indonesian history. It is not only the negotiation in terms of physical space where the house of worship built but also non-physical space among religions and their believers, which build and strengthen the peace among them. Therefore, the peace situation and condition become the central point regardless of their background (ethnicity, religions, and language).


Negotiation; Space; Interreligious Tolerance; House of Worship; Narration; Peace and Harmony

Full Text:



Abbas, Muhammad Rivai. 2016. Peace in the Midst of Violence: Analyzing the Role of Elites in Preserving Peace and Harmony in Manado. Indonesian Journal of Islamic Literature and Muslim Society, Vol.1, No.1, January-June 2016, pp 1-28.

Febbinawati. 2015. Potensi Konflik Antara Penganut Agama Islam dan Kristen: Studi Kasus Pendirian Rumah Ibadah di Desa Sungai Sirih, Kecamatan Singingi, Kabupatan Kuantan Singingi. Skripsi S1 Jurusan Perbandingan Agama. Riau: Fakultas Ushuluddin, UIN Sultan Syarif Kasim Riau.

Habermas, Jurgen, Lennox, Sara, and Lennox, Frank. 1974. The Public Sphere: An Encyclopedia Article (1964). New German Critique, No. 3. (Autumn, 1974), pp.49-55.

Lufaefi. 2017. Rekonstruksi Jargon Formalisasi Syariat: Upaya Menjaga Persatuan dalam Bingkai Keberagaman. Al-Araf : Jurnal Pemikiran Islam dan Filsafat, Vol. XIV, No.1, Januari-Juni 2017. DOI: 10.22515/ajpif.v14i1.805

Meyer, Birgit and Moors, Annelies. 2006. Religion, Media and the Public Sphere. USA: Indiana University Press.

Prabowo, M. Nur. 2016. Kerukunan Umat Beragama Sebagai Cita-Cita Etis (Sebuah Tinjauan Etika). Sosiologi Agama; Jurnal Ilmiah Sosiologi Agama dan Perubahan Sosial, Vol.10, No.1, Januari-Juni 2016.

Qurtuby, Sumanto. 2012. Reconciliation from Below: Indonesias Religious Conflict and Grassrots Agency for Peace. Peace Research, Vol. 44/45, No.2/1 (2012/2013), pp.135-12, Cannadian Mennonite University.

Sutikno. 2016. Satu Dusun Tiga Agama: Konstruksi Toleransi Keagamaan di Dusun Balun-Lamongan. Lamongan: Pustaka Ilalang bekerjasama dengan Badan Perpustakaan dan Arsip Daerah, Pemkab Lamongan.

Taufiqurrahim. 2017. An Ecological View of the Religion and Noise Pollution: Does it Make Sense? In proceeding IGSSCI 9th 9-10 August 2010, with theme Sustaining The Planet: Call for Interdisciplinary Approach and Engagement. Yogyakarta: The Graduate School of Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Online news:

Iil Askar Monza. 2018. Ini Kronologi Kasus Penistaan Agama Meiliana di Tanjung Balai. Ninis Chairunnisa (Ed.). In internet online: Accessed on 24 August 2018.

Copyright (c) 2018 Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


  • There are currently no refbacks.