The Emergence of Female Politicians in Local Politics in Post-Suharto Indonesia

Kurniawati Hastuti Dewi
| Abstract views: 358 | views: 270


This dissertation addresses factors behind the rise and victory of Javanese Muslim women political leaders in direct elections since 2005, in post-Suharto Indonesia. By using gender perspectives to examine political phenomenon, it reveals that that the role of Islam, gender, and networks are decisive to their political victory. The Islamic belief on female leadership at the local level, provides a strong religious foundation for Javanese Muslim women politicians to assume political leadership. Ability to use their gender in combination with the idea and practice of Islamic piety, and to use religio-political support and male/female base networks in political campaign, is signifcant. This fndings indicates that important social changes has occurred in postSuharto Indonesia in where more Muslim women continue to take political leadership role beginning in local politics and gradually rising to national politics. In broader scope, this dissertation signifes that a new trend of Muslim women political leaders evolving in politics colors future discourse on gender, politics and Islam in Indonesia and more generally in Southeast Asia

Full Text:




Blackburn, Susan. Has Gender Analysis Been Mainstreamed in the Study of Southeast Asian Politics?. In Gender Trends in Southeast Asia: Women Now, Women in the Future. ed. Theresa W. Devasahayam, pp. 5372. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 2009.

. Women and the State in Modern Indonesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

. Gender Interest and Indonesian Democracy. In Democracy in Indonesia 1950s and 1990s, ed. David Bourchier and John Legge. Clayton: Centre of Southeast Asian Studies, Monash University, 1994.

Blackburn, Susan, Bianca J. Smith and Siti Syamsiyatun, ed. Indonesian Islam in A New Era: How Women Negotiate Their Muslim Identities. Clayton: Monash University Press, 2008.

Brenner, Suzanna A. Why Women Rule the Roost: Rethinking Javanese Ideologies of Gender and Self-control. In Bewitching Women, Pious Men: Gender and Body Politics in Southeast Asia, ed. Aihwa Ong and Michael G. Peletz, pp. 19-50. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995.

Buehler, Michael. The Rising Importance of Personal Networks in Indonesian Local Politics: An Analysis of District Government Head Elections in South Sulawesi in 2005. In Deepening Democracy in Indonesia?, ed. Erb and Sulistiyanto, pp. 101-124. Connel, R.W. Gender: A Short Introduction. USA: Polity Press, 2008.

. Masculinities, 2nd ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005.

. The Men and the Boys. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2000.

. Gender and Power: Society, the Person and Sexual Politics, 6th ed. Cambridge: Polity Press, 1987.

Errington, Shelly. Recasting Sex, Gender, and Power: A Theoretical and Regional Overview. In Power and Differences: Gender in Island Southeast Asia, ed. Jane M. Atkinson and Shelly Errington. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 1990.

Hadiz, Vedi R. Localising Power in Post-Authoritarian Indonesia: A Southeast Asia Perspective. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2010.

Hadler, Je?rey. Muslims and Matriarchs: Cultural Resilience in Minangkabu through Jihad and Colonialism. Singapore: National University of Singapore Press, 2009.

Handayani, Christina S. and Ardhian Novianto. Kuasa Wanita Jawa. Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2008.

Hefner, Robert W. Muslim Democrats and Islamist Violence in Post-Soeharto Indonesia. In Remaking Muslim Politics: Pluralism, Contestation, Democratization, ed. Robert W. Hefner. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2005.

Inglehart, Ronald and Pippa Norris. Rising Tide: Gender Equality and Cultural Change Around the World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Iwanaga, Kazuki. Introduction: Womens Political Representation from an International Perspective. In Women and Politics in Thailand, ed. Iwanaga, pp. 126.

Iwanaga, Kazuki, ed. Womens Political Participation and Representation in Asia: Obstacles and Challenges. Copenhagen: NIAS Press, 2008.

Copyright (c) 2011 Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


  • There are currently no refbacks.