Analysis Of Iran’s Foreign Policy In The Syrian Conflict And The Stakes Of National Interest Of Countries

Asep Kamaluddin
| Abstract views: 48 | views: 15


The examination of Iran's foreign policy within the worldwide political landscape is a compelling subject due to its notable pragmatism and occasional utilization of double standards, whereby Iran alternates between aligning with recognized governing bodies and supporting opposition factions. Iran employs a dual approach in engaging in conflicts, wherein it concurrently undertakes active involvement by deploying troops and supplying weapons, alongside diplomatic initiatives aimed at peaceful resolutions. The aforementioned discovery is intriguing because of Iran's pragmatic approach to its foreign policy stance, as well as its comprehensive support for allies in both conflict and diplomacy. The strategic decision made by Iran to deploy soldiers and military advisors to Syria can be interpreted as a manifestation of pragmatism. This move aimed to uphold Iran's influence in the Middle East, taking into account the potential costs and benefits associated with such policies. Additionally, this action was driven by the objectives of combating terrorism and proactively preventing geographical isolation. Another objective is that Iran, via its endorsement of all measures determined by Syria, manages to evade any kind of embargoes and sanctions imposed by the United States and the European Union, which have significant adverse effects on Iran. The issuance of Iran's foreign policy is not simply driven by international interests, but rather is a pragmatic decision made to protect stability within the country.


Iran; Iranian Foreign Policy; Syrian Conflict; National Interest; Countries

Full Text:



Lovell, J. P. (1970). Foreign Policy in Perspective: Strategy, Adaptation, Decision Making. New York. US.

Department of the Treasury Office of Foreign Assets Control. (1986). Iran Sanctsion.

Jackson, G. S. (2007). Introduction to International Relations: Theories and Approaches.

Sahide, A. (2015). The Arab Spring: Membaca Kronologi dan Faktor Penyebabnya. 118-125.

Kuncahyono, T. (2013). Musim Semi di Suriah. Jakarta: Buku Kompas.

Burdah, I. (2014). Islam Kontemporer, Revolusi dan Demokrasi. Malang: Intrans.

Goodarzi, J. M. (2006). Syria and Iran, Diplomatic Alliance and Power Politic in The Middle East. London: Tauris Academic Studies.

Sahide, A. (2013). Ketegangan Politik Syiah Sunni di Timur Tengah. Yogyakarta: Phinisi Press.

Welle, D. (2018, Maret). Retrieved from epentingan-negara-negara-dunia-ya ng-terlibat-pera ng-suriah/

Bearce, H. (2013). Out of the Mouth of the Leader: The Political Ideology of Ayatollah Hosseini Khamenei, Supreme Leader of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Los Angeles.

Shireen, H. T. (1980). Iran's Foreign Policy in the Post-Soviet Era.

Karnen, Z. (2015). Budaya Struktur Pemerintahan Republik Islam Iran. Al-Azhar Indonesia Vol.3.

Nuechterlein, D. E. (1978). National Interests And Presidential Leadership: The Setting Of Priorities. Westview Press.

Berlianto, “Menlu AS: Embargo Senjata terhadap Iran Tetap Berlaku” dalam read/1032123/42/menlu-as-embarg o-senjata-terhadap-iran-tetap-berlaku-1439352702 [accessed August, 2023]

BBC, (2015) “Perundingan Nuklir Iran Capai Kesepakatan” C. Aminuddin, (2015) “Perang Suriah, Iran Tingkatkan Bantuan untuk Assad” on 15/10/28/115713977/perang-suriah-iran-tingkatkan-bantuan-untuk-assad [accessed August, 2023]

V. Maulana, (2012) “Iran Dukung Penuh Serangan Rusia di Suriah” read/1049640/43/iran-dukung-penu h-serangan-rusia-di-suriah-1443697765. on klir. [accessed August, 2023]

V. Maulana, (2012) “Iran Siap Tingkatkan Bantuan ke Suriah” dalam read/1054090/43/iran siap-tingkatk an-bantuan-kesuriah-1445164535 [accessed August, 2023]

Z. Laub, (2015) “International Sanctions on Iran” dalam l-sanctions-iran/p20258 [accessed August, 2023]

Copyright (c) 2024 Asep Kamaluddin
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


  • There are currently no refbacks.