City Diplomacy Of Jakarta Government In The Environmental Sector In 2017-2021

Laode Muhammad Fathun, Taufik Taufik
| Abstract views: 117 | views: 39

Abstract

This article describes the comparison of paradiplomacy activities between Jakarta and Bandung. The urgency of this research is that both cities have crucial problems in environmental management that are not compatible with sustainable development. Both cities have environmental problems such as pollution, garbage, sewage, pollution and other problems. Both cities are unable to solve these problems independently so they need cooperation through sister cities. This research uses the comparative theory of paradiplomacy through urban diplomacy modeling. The method used is qualitative through case study comparison. Data collection techniques through primary and secondary data. Data were obtained from interviews, observations and expert interviews to reinforce research arguments. The result was that Jakarta's city diplomacy was carried out through multi-channels. The first line with towns and cities such as the City of London. Then the second path through supranational diplomacy, namely diplomacy to the United Nations and the third path through multilateral diplomacy, namely C40.

Keywords

Paradiplomacy comparison; City diplomacy; Jakarta; UN

Full Text:

PDF

References

Acuto, M. ( 2013). World Politics by Other Means? London, City Diplomacy and the Olympics. The Hague Journal of Diplomacy , 8 (3–4): 287–311.

Adger, W. N. (2008). Fairness in Adaptation to Climate Change. London: Cambridge MA MIT Press.

Aldecoa, M. &. (2013). Paradiplomacy In Action. New York: Routledge.

Atking, G. S. (2016). Environment, Climate Change and International Relations. England: E-International Relations.

Austo Corvino, T. A. (2023). Global Climate Justice. E-International Relations.

Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Bandung. (2020). Kota Bandung Dalam Angka 2014-2020. Retrieved October 2021, from Badan Pusat Statistik Kota Bandung: https://bandungkota.bps.go.id/publication/2010/01/29/a0df929300ac6419d7413953/kota-bandung-dalam-angka-2009.html

Cahyani, D. R. (2021, Juli 31). Presiden Joe Biden Sebut Jakarta Bakal Tenggelam, Simak Pernyataan Lengkapnya. Retrieved from tempo.co: https://dunia.tempo.co/read/1489310/presiden-joe-biden-sebut-jakarta-bakal-tenggelam-simak-pernyataan-lengkapnya

Carina, S. W. (2021, Agustus 04). Kompas.com. Retrieved from Kompas.com: https://megapolitan.kompas.com/read/2021/08/04/21210541/anies-undang-wali-kota-london-jadi-pembicara-forum-diskusi-di-jakarta

Clara Eroukhmanoff, M. H. (2017). Reflections on the Posthuman in International Relations The Anthropocene, Security and Ecology. E-International Relations.

Carlnaes, W. (2013). Handbook Hubungan Internasional. Bandung: Nusamedia

Curtis, S. (2014). The meaning of global cities The power of cities in international relations. Abingdon: Routledge.

Curtis, (. S. (2014). The meaning of global cities The power of cities in international relations. Abingdon: Routledge.

Deganutti, C. D. (2017). Soft power and dark heritage: Multiple potentialities. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 23(6), 660–674.

Depledge, J. (2013). The Organization of Global Negotiations: Constructing the Climate Change Regime. Routledge.

Fathun, L. M. (2021). Paradiplomacy in Creating Regional Competitiveness: Case Study of Jember . Indonesian Perspective, 166-186.

Fathun, L. M. (2016). Paradiplomasi Menuju Kota Dunia: Studi Kasus Pemerintah Kota Makassar. Indonesian Perspective, 75-94.

Fathun, L. M. (2022). Peran Paradiplomacy dalam Presidensi G20 Indonesia: Studi Kasus Diplomasi Kota Jakarta pada Urban 20. Indonesia Perspectives, 57-78.

Ferliana, T. (2021, Juni 15). Akademisi Unair Surabaya Paparkan Pemanasan Global Bukti Ketidakseimbangan Bumi. Retrieved from Times Indonesia : https://timesindonesia.co.id/indonesia-positif/352928/akademisi-unair-surabaya-paparkan-pemanasan-global-bukti-ketidakseimbangan-bumi

Filipe Teles. (2016). Local Governance and Inter-Municipal Cooperation. 1 vol. ) vols. Palgrave Pivot. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, and New York:, IX-107 pages.

Filipe, T. (2018). Local Governance and Inter-Municipal Cooperation. 1 vol. ) vols. Palgrave Pivot. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire, and New York:, IX-107 .

Fisabilillah, F. (2021, April 18). Kompas.com. Retrieved from Kompas.com: https://www.kompas.tv/klik360/165729/bicara-2-menit-usulan-gubernur-anies-langsung-disetujui-oleh-sekjen-pbb

Grandi, K. (2020). City Diplomacy. Paris France,: Palgrave macmillan Paris School of International Affairs (PSIA).

Grandi, L. K. (2020 ). City Diplomacy. Paris School of International Affairs (PSIA) Paris France,: Palgrave macmillan.

Gustavo Sosa-Nunez, E. A. (2016). Environment, Climate Change and Internasional Relations . E-International Relations .

Hone, J. K. (2021). 2021 The Emergence DigitalForeign Policy. Mlta: Diplo Foundation Anutruf .

Jamieson, D. (2001). Changing the Atmosphere: Expert Knowledge and Global Environmental Governance Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Climate Change and Global Environmental Justice. In: P. Edwards and C. Miller (eds), (pp. 287-307).

John Baylis, S. S. (2008). The Globalization of World Politics . London: Oxford University Press .

Klaus, I. (2018). Invited to the party: International organizations evolve in an urban world. . The Chicago Council on Global Affairs, https://www. thechicagocouncil.org/sites/default/files/report_international-organizations- in-urban-world_181028.pdf. Accessed 17 Sept 2019.

Kuznetsov, A. S. (2013). Theory and Practice of Paradiplomacy. New York: Routledge.

Tavares, R. (2016). Paradiplomacy Cities and States as Global Player. New Yor: Oxford University Press.

Lord, C. (2000). Legitimacy, Democracy and the EU: When Abstract Questions Become Practical Policy Problems. Brighton: Sussex European Institute.

M.Cummings. (2003). Cultural Diplomacy and the United States Government: A Survey. Cultural Diplomacy Research Series. Worthington, DC: Americans for the Arts.

Melissen, J. (2007). City Diplomacy :The Expanding Role of Cities in International Poitics. Netherlands: Netherlands Institute of International Relations.

Megawati, A. ( 2019 , Februari Rabu). 21 Kota di Dunia Jalin Kerja Sama Sister City dengan Jakarta. Retrieved from BeritaJakarta: https://m.beritajakarta.id/read/66251/21-kota-di-dunia-jalin-kerja-sama-sister-city-dengan-jakarta

Michele Acuto, H. D. (2017). ‘City Networks: New Frontiers for City Leaders.’ In UCL City Leadership Lab Report. London:: University College London.

Michele Acuto, e. a. (2016). ‘“City Diplomacy” and Twinning: Lessons from the UK, China and Globally,’. London.

Mukti, T. A. (2020). Politik Paradiplomasi dan Isu Kedaulatan Indonesia. Yogyakarta: Phinisi Press.

Nye, J. (2004). Soft power: The means to success in world politics. New York: Public Affairs.

Okereke, C. (2008). Global Justice and Neoliberal Environmental Governance: Ethics, Sustainable Development and International Cooperation. . Abingdon:: Routledge. Oswald, S. U. (2011). Water Resources in Mexico. Scarcity, Degradation, Stress, Conficts,

Parks, T. R. (2007). A Climate of Injustice: Global Inequality, North-South Politics, and Climate Policy. London: Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Management, and Policy. . Berlin, Heidelberg and New York: Springer.

Rayner, M. A. (2016). City networks: Breaking gridlocks or forging (new) lock-ins? . International Affairs, 92(5), 1147–1166.

Riadi, T. J. (2019, December 9). Air PDAM Kota Bandung Keruh, Kawasan Hulu Bermasalah. Retrieved October 2021, from Pikiran Rakyat: https://www.pikiran-rakyat.com/bandung-raya/pr-01324635/air-pdam-kota-bandung-keruh-kawasan-hulu-bermasalah

Rosenau, J. (1971). Scientific Study Of Foreign Policy . New York: Free Press.

Septi Annisa Dudy Heryadi, L. M. (2020). THE ROLE OF UCLG ASPAC IN MANAGING WASTE IN DKI JAKARTA PROVINCE IN 2016 - 2019: OPPORTUNITIES & CHALLENGES. TANJUNGPURA INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL ON DYNAMICS ECONOMICS, SOCIAL SCIENCES AND AGRIBUSINESS, 81-101.

Sevin, (. S. (2020). City Diplomacy Current Trends and Future Prospects. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Soldatos, H. M. (1990). Federalism and international relations: The role of sub-national units. New York: Oxford University Press.

Takdir Ali Mukti Eet.al, L. M. (2021). Paradiplomacy Policies and Regional Autonomy in Indonesia and Korea. Jurnal Hubungan Internasional , 139-152.

Van der Pluijm, R. &. (2007). City diplomacy: The expanding role of cities in international politics. Nederland: The Hague: Netherlands Institute of International Relations ‘Clingendael.

Wibowo, W. (2021, Februari 18). Sindo.news. Retrieved from Sindonews: https://metro.sindonews.com/read/338812/171/dubes-denmark-dukung-dan-puji-penerapan-kawasan-rendah-emisi-di-kota-tua-1613610157

Interviewer

Dr. Agus Haryanto, M.Si Chair of AIHII

Ishaq Rahman ,M.Si Chair of the Indonesian City Diplomacy Academic Community

B. Tjandradewi Secretary General of the United Cities Local Government

Mr, Yudha DKI Jakarta Foreign Cooperation Bureau staff

Copyright (c) 2024 Laode Muhammad Fathun
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.