Negotiating Soundscape: Practice and Regulation of Adzan in Indonesia

Siti Aliyuna Pratisti
| Abstract views: 1844 | views: 860


This article explores the historical context of practice and regulation of Adzan in Indonesia. As historical underpinnings, this article will follow a structural timeline of post-independence Indonesia to the current development of the state’s regulations of Adzan. To understand the social context of Adzan, Schafer’s conception of Soundmark and Hirschkind’s ethical soundscapes will be employed as theoretical framework to analyze how Indonesian (government and civil society) negotiates social tension caused by the use of loudspeaker in Indonesian mosques. Government regulations will be used as primary sources, while newspaper, journal and websites, provide additional information on the practice and regulations of Adzan in Indonesia. This article, however, will limit its study to the historical and social aspect of Adzan. Discussion on the theological aspect will not be covered by this article.


Ethical Soundscapes; History of Adzan; Soundmark

Full Text:



Abdurrahman, A. (2007). Tanya Jawab Agama 4 Suara Muhammadiyah. Pustaka Pelajar.

Al-Jaziri, A. (2004). Al-Fiqh ala Madzahib al-Arba, Jilid I. Darul Hadist.

Arab, P. T. (2017). Amplifying Islam in the European Soundscape. Bloomsbury Publishing Plc.

Aragon, L. V. (2000). Fields of the Lord: Animism, Christian Minorities, and State Development in Indonesia. University of Hawai’i Press.

Asad, T. (2003). Formations of the Secular: Christianity, Islam, Modernity. Stanford University Press.

Bourdieu, P. (1977). Outline of a Theory of Practice. Cambridge University Press.

Dijk, H. M. (2014). Constant Van De Wall, A European–Javanese Composer. In E. Barendregt, B. & Bogaerts (Ed.), Recollecting Resonances: Indonesian-Dutch Musical Encounters. BRILL.

Dijk, K. van. (2007). The Changing Contour of Mosques. In P. J. M. Nas (Ed.), The Past in the Present. Architecture in Indonesia (pp. 45–66). NAi Publishers and KITLV Press.

Drewes, G. W. J. (1968). New Light on the Coming of Islam to Indonesia? Bijdragen Tot de Taal-, Land- En Volkenkunde, 124(4), 433–459.

Forst, R. (2013). Toleration in Conflict. Past and Present. Cambridge University Press.

Frembgen, J. W. (2012). The Horse of Imam Hoseyn: Notes on the Iconography of Shi’i Devotional Posters from Pakistan and India. In P.

Khosronejad (Ed.), The Art and Material Culture of Iranian Shi’ism: Iconography and Religious Devotion in Shi’i Islam (pp. 179–194). I. B. Tauris.

Geertz, C. (1971). Islam Observed: Religious Development in Morocco and Indonesia. Phoenix Book.

Hirschkind, C. (2006). The Ethical Soundscape. Cassette Sermons and Islamic Counterpublics. Columbia University Press.

Husain, S. (2017). Sejarah Masyarakat Islam Indonesia. Airlangga University Press.

Hynson, M. (2017). The Tri Sandhya: Politics and Sound in A Balinese Dispaly of Religiousity. Proceedings of the 4th Symposium on Performing Arts of Southeast Asia.

Jajat Burhanudin and Kees van Dijk. (2013). Islam in Indonesia. Amsterdam University Press.

Kapchan, D. (2007). Traveling Spirit Masters: Moroccan Gnawa Trance and Music in the Global Marketplace. Wesleyan University Press.

Kapchan, D. (2017). Listening Acts: Witnessing the Pain (and Praise) of Others. In D. Kapchan (Ed.), Theorizing Sound Writing (pp. 277–293). Wesleyan University Press.

Kaptein, N. G. J. (2004). The Voice of the ˋUlamâ’: Fatwas and Religious Authority in Indonesia. Archives de Sciences Sociales Des Religions, 49(125), 115–130.

Karina M. Tehusijarana and Apriadi Gunawan. (2018). The Meiliana Case: How a noise complaint resulted in an 18-month jail sentence. The Jakarta Post.

Lee, T. S. (2003). Technology and the Production of Islamic Space: The Call to Prayer in Singapore. In René T. A. Lysloff and Leslie & Gay (Eds.), Music and Technoculture. Wesleyan University Press.

Mahfudh, S. (2011). Solusi Problematika Aktual Hukum Islam Keputusan Muktamar, Munas dan Konbes Nahdhatul Ulama (1926-2010). Khalista.

Munslow, A. (2012). A History of History. Routledge.

Nasr, S. H. (1987). Islamic Art and Spirituality. State University of New York Press.

Picard, M. (2001). The Politics of Religion in Indonesia: Syncretism, Orthodoxy, and Religious Contention in Java and Bali. Routledge.

Rasmussen, A. (2017). Women Out Loud: Religious Performance in Islamic Indonesia. In D. Kapchan (Ed.), Theorizing Sound Writing (pp. 191–215). Wesleyan University Press.

Schafer, R. M. (1994). The Soundscape: Our Sonic Environment and the Tuning of the World. Destiny Books.

Translated by M.A.S. Abdel (Ed.). (2008). The Qur’an. Oxford University Press.

Tsonka Al Bakri, M. M. and N. N. (2019). Al Adhan: Documenting Historical Background, Practice Rules, and Musicological Features of the Muslim Call for Prayer in Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Musicologica Brunensia, 54(167–185).

Wahid, A. (1982, February 20). Islam Kaset dan Kebisingannya. Tempo.

Weiner, I. (2014). Religion Out Loud. Religious Sound, Public Space, and American Pluralism. New York University Press.

Widjojoatmodjo, R. . (1942). Islam in the Netherlands East Indies. The Far Eastern Quarterly, 2(1), 48–57.

Yampolsky, P. B. (2013). Music and Media in the Dutch East Indies: Gramophone Records and Radio in the Late Colonial Era, 1903-1942. (Dissertation). University of Washington.

Copyright (c) 2020 Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


  • There are currently no refbacks.