Social Networks and the Live Reef Food Fish Trade: Examining Sustainability

Irendra Radjawali
| Abstract views: 306 | views: 260

Abstract

This paper employs social network analysis in examining sustainability in the LRFF fishing industry in the Spermonde Archipelago. It is argued that understanding the dynamics of the social networks, which are a result of interactions between different agents with different interests influenced by diverse circumstances (among them are the market, the local social structures, climate variability, biological conditions), is important in coastal fisheries management in general. It is the purpose of this paper to portray the social networks in LRFF fishing in the Spermonde Archipelago and to demonstrate how sustainability in LRFF fishing and trade can be understood through an analysis of these networks. It is the objective of this paper to provide better frameworks for promoting sustainability in reef fishery, particularly in Indonesia, through the elaboration and examination of social networks. In this regard, this paper also aims at providing tools for better coastal and fisheries management.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Adger, WN, K Brown and EL Tompkins. (2006). ‘The political economy of crossscale networks in resource co-management’. Ecology and society, 10(2): 9.

Baitoningsih, W. (2009). Community participation in designing Marine Protected Area in Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. (Master thesis). Bremen: University of Bremen.

Barabási, A-L. (2009). ‘Scale-free networks: a decade and beyond’. Science, 325(5939): 412–13.

Barber CV and VR Pratt. (1997). Sullied seas: strategies for combating cyanide fishing in Southeast Asia and beyond. Washington: World Resources Institute and International Marinelife Alliance.

Bentley, N. (1999). Fishing for solutions: can the live trade in wild groupers and wrasse from Southeast Asia be managed? Kuala Lumpur: TRAFFIC Southeast Asia.

Bodin, Ö, B Crona and H Ernstson. (2006). ‘Social networks in natural resource management: what is there to learn from a structural perspective? , Ecology and society, 11(2): r2.

Bohman, T. (2009). ‘Emergence of connectivity in networks’. Science, 323(5920): 1438–39.

Borgatti, SP, A Mehra, DJ Brass and G Labianca. (2009). ‘Network analysis in the social sciences’. Science, 323(5916): 892–95.

Brugnach, M, A Dewulf, C Pahl-Wostl and T Taillie. (2008). ‘Toward a relational concept of uncertainty: about knowing too little, knowing too differently, and accepting not to know’. Ecology and society, 13(2): 30.

Crona, B., M Nyström, C Folke and N Jiddawi. (2010). ‘Middlemen, a critical socialecological link in coastal communities of Kenya and Zanzibar’. Marine policy, 34: 761–71.

Chozin, M. (2008). Illegal but common: life of blast fishermen in the Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. (Master thesis). Ohio University, Athens.

Deswandi, R. (in preparation). ‘Understanding institutional dynamic of capture fisheries in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia’. (PhD thesis to be submitted to the Faculty of Social Sciences). University of Bremen, Bremen.

Erdmann M. (2001). ‘Who’s minding the reef? Corruption and enforcement in Indonesia’. SPC Live Reef Fish Information Bulletin, 8: 19–20.

Fabinyi, M and D Dalabajan. (2011). ‘Policy and practice in the live reef fish for food trade: a case study from Palawan, Philippines’. Marine policy, 35: 371–78

Fausi, A. (2005). Kebijakan perikanan dan kelautan. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Fougères, D. (2005). Aquarian capitalism and transition in Indonesia. (PhD dissertation). University of California, Berkeley.

Fougères , D. (2008). ‘Old markets, new commodities: aquarian capitalism in Indonesia’. In J Nevins and NL Peluso (eds). Taking Southeast Asia to market: commodities, nature and people in the neoliberal age Ithaca: Cornell University Press.

Glaser, M, W Baitoningsih, SCA Ferse, M Neil and R Deswandi. (2010). ‘Whose sustainability? Top-down participation and emergent rules in marine protected area management in Indonesia’. Marine policy, 34: 1215–25.

Glaser, M, I Radjawali, SCA Ferse and B Glaeser. (2010). ‘Nested participation in hierarchical societies? Lessons for social-ecological research and management’. International journal of society systems science, 2(4): 390–414.

Johannes, RE and M Riepen. (1995). Environmental, economic, and social implications of the live reef fish trade in Asia and the Western Pacific. Bonnet Hill: R.E. Johannes Pty Ltd.

Johnston, B and B Yeeting (eds). (2006). Economics and marketing of the live reef fish trade in Asia–Pacific. Canberra: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. (ACIAR working paper 60)

Johnston, B (ed.). (2007). Economics and market analysis of the live reef-fish trade in the Asia–Pacific region. Canberra: Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research. (ACIAR working paper 63)

Lau, PPF and R Parry-Jones. (1999). The Hong Kong trade in live reef fish for food. Hong Kong: TRAFFIC East Asia.

Lauber, TB, DJ Decker and BA Knuth. (2008). ‘Social networks and communitybased natural resource management’. Environmental management, 42(4): 677–87.

Lowe, C. (2000). ‘Global markets, local injustice in Southeast Asian Seas: the live fish trade and local fishers in the Togean Islands of Sulawesi’. In C Zerner (ed.). People, plants and justice: the politics of nature conservation. New York: Columbia University Press.

Mánez, KS and SCA Ferse. (2010). ‘The history of Makassan trepang fishing and trade’, PLoS ONE 5(6): e11346.

Marin, A and F Berkes. (2010). ‘Network approach for understanding small-scale fisheries governance: the case of the Chilean coastal co-management system’, Marine Policy 34: 851–58.

Meereboer, M-T. (1998). ‘Fishing for credit: patronage and debt relations in the Spermonde Archipelago, Indonesia’. In K Robinson and M Paeni (eds). Living through histories. Culture, history and social life in South-Sulawesi. Canberra: Australian National University Press.

Mous, PJ, L Pet-Soede, M Erdmann, HSJ Cesar, Y Sadovy and JS Pet. (2000). ‘Cyanide fishing on Indonesian coral reefs for the live food fish market – What is the problem?’ In HSJ Cesar (ed.). Collected essays on the economics of coral reefs. Kalmar: CORDIO.

Norberg, Jon and GS Cumming (eds.). (2008). Complexity theory for a sustainable future. New York: Columbia University Press.

PAN–UK. (2001). ‘Rotenone’. Pesticides news, 54: 20–21. Accessible from http://www.pan-uk.org/pestnews/Actives/rotenone.htm.

Pelras, C. (2000). ‘Patron–client ties among the Bugis and Makassarese of South Sulawesi’. Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde, 156(3): 393–432.

Pet-Soede, L and M Erdmann. (1998). ’An overview and comparison of destructive fishing practices in Indonesia’. SPC live reef fish information bulletin, 4.

Putra, HSA. (1988). Minawang: hubungan patron–klien di Sulawesi Selatan. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Radjawali, I. (2010). ‘Reconsidering development—coping with uncertainties: live reef food fish (LRFF) trade in Spermonde Archipelago, Indonesia’. Reconsidering development, 3(1). Accessible from http://journal.ipid-umn.org/node/87

Sandström, AC and CV Rova. (2010). ‘The network structure of adaptive governance: a single case study of a fish management area’. International journal of the commons, 4(1): 528–551

Satria, A. (2009. Pesisir dan laut untuk rakyat. Bogor: IPB Press.

Copyright (c) 2011 Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.